Learning a few things about mental health problems might help you to feel more confident about talking and listening.

This is not an exhaustive list. But you can find out more about symptoms and treatments by clicking on the links, or by visiting the websites of our partners Rethink Mental Illness and Mind.

Anxiety is a normal emotion that we all experience but becomes a mental health problem when someone finds they are feeling this way all or most of the time.

Bipolar disorder is a diagnosis given to someone who experiences extreme periods of low (depressed) and high (manic) moods. 

Depression is a diagnosis given to someone who is experiencing a low mood and who finds it hard or impossible to have fun or enjoy their lives.

An eating disorder is a diagnosis given to someone who has unhealthy thoughts, feelings and behaviour about food and their body shape.

Obsessive-compulsive disorder is a mental health diagnosis given to someone who experiences obsessive thoughts and compulsive behaviours.

You might be described as having a 'personality disorder' if your personality traits cause regular, long-term problems in the way you cope with life.

Post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a diagnosis given to people who develop a certain set of symptoms following a traumatic event. What is PTSD? Symptoms include:

A person experiencing psychosis perceives the world in a different way to those around them, including hallucinations, delusions or both.

Schizophrenia is a diagnosis given to people who experience symptoms of psychosis, alongside what are called ‘negative symptoms’.

Self-harm is when someone purposely hurts themselves, usually in order to cope with intense emotional distress.

Suicide - when someone intentionally takes their own life - is a very complex issue. What are suicidal feelings? People feel suicidal for a variety of reasons, for example: