Learning a few things about mental health problems might help you to feel more confident about talking and listening.

This is not an exhaustive list. But you can find out more about symptoms and treatments by clicking on the links, or by visiting the websites of our partners Rethink Mental Illness and Mind.

Anxiety is a normal emotion that we all experience. You might think of anxiety as feeling stressed, tense, worried, uneasy or scared. Most of the time these emotions are not a problem.

Bipolar disorder is a mood disorder that can cause extreme periods of low (depressed) and high (manic) moods. Bipolar used to be called manic depression.

Depression is when someone experiences a low mood that lasts for a long time and affects their everyday life. 

An eating disorder is when someone has unhealthy thoughts, feelings and behaviour around food.

Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a diagnosis given to someone who experiences obsessive thoughts and compulsive behaviours.

A personality disorder can affect how a person copes with day-to-day life and manages relationships, as well as how they feel and behave.

Post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a diagnosis given to people who develop a certain set of symptoms following a traumatic event.

Psychosis is a term used to describe when a person perceives the world in a different way to those around them. This can include how a person will experience, believe or view things.

Schizoaffective disorder is a mental illness that affects a person’s mood, thoughts and behaviour. Around one in 200 people develop schizoaffective disorder and some point in their life.

Schizophrenia is a mental illness that affects the way a person thinks. Schizophrenia affects around 1 in 100 people and can only be diagnosed by a psychiatrist.

Self-harm is when someone purposely hurts themselves, usually in order to cope with intense emotional distress.

Suicide - when someone intentionally takes their own life – can be very complex.